Dans la nuit du 9 au 10 novembre 1942

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Le 9 novembre 1942, l’équipage du sergent Folts [probablement de la RAF] décolle de Dishforth sur un Wellington.

Vickers-Wellington-MkIII-RCAF-425Sqn-KW-E-X3763-Alouette-01

The target for tonight is…

Hamburg.

Une source m’indique que le lieu de l’écrasement survint près de Raard, 5 km à l’ouest de Dokkum à 22 h 55. Le pilote, le sergent Folts, volait sur le Wellington III KW-? BJ764.

À son bord se trouvait le reste de l’équipage.

le sergent Delorme (fonction inconnue)
le sergent Burke (sans-filiste)
le sergent Laporte (mitrailleur arrière)
le Pilot Officer Cartwright (navigateur)
le sergent Pambrun (fonction inconnue)

Le pilote allemand l’Oblt. Ludwig Becker (1911-1943) du 12./NJG1 aurait abattu le Wellington…

ludwig_becker

Voici ce que j’ai trouvé [en anglais] comme information sur ce pilote allemand.

Ludwig Becker was born on 22 August 1911 in Dortmund-Aplerbeck in the Province of Westphalia, a province of the Kingdom of Prussia. Joining the Luftwaffe volunteers in 1934, by 1939 he was a test pilot and a Leutnant in the Luftwaffe reserve. Serving with Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 (NJG 1—1st Night Fighter Wing), he crashed a Messerschmitt Bf 110 near Winterswijk on 30 August 1940.[Note 2]

His first victory was a Vickers Wellington on the night of 16/17 October 1940. Becker was flying a Dornier Do 17Z-10 equipped with a gun-camera. The victory recorded the demise of the No. 311 Squadron RAF aircraft piloted by Pilot Officer Bohumil Landa and three of his Czech crew. It was also the first radar-controlled « Dunkle Nachtjagd » (DuNaJa—dark night fighting, without search lights) victory of the war. He was later equipped with the Dornier Do 215B night fighter (code G9+OM) equipped with Lichtenstein radar. He achieved six victories between 10 August and 30 September 1941 in this machine. Becker developed his own tactics for attacking a bomber. He would trail the aircraft from the stern, just below the height shown on the radar. After sighting the bomber, he dived and accelerated to avoid being spotted by the tail gunner. Once underneath the enemy, Becker reduced the throttle and matched the speed of the unsuspecting pilot. Becker then climbed steadily to 50 ft (164 m) from the target before he pulled up and opened fire. Because the Do 215 lost speed the bomber would fly ahead and the through the stream of shells. With this method, the gun sight was rarely needed.[1]

He was awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross in July 1942, he then served as a Staffelkapitän (squadron leader) in 12./NJG 1. By the end of the year, Becker had some 40 victories to his credit.

Becker and his Radar Operator Oberfeldwebel Josef Straub (who had taken part in 40 victories) were posted missing in action on 26 February 1943 in a Bf 110G-4 while on a daylight mission intercepting a Boeing B-17 formation over the North Sea, and crashing north of Schiermonnikoog in the Netherlands.

All his 46 victories were at night.

***

Sauf que, voici ce que j’ai trouvé sur un des aviateurs que Ludwig Becker aurait abattu…

2407518_2

Source ici

Flying Officer George Stevenson Cartwright
Monday, November 9, 1942

Royal Canadian Air Force, 425 Squadron, Service number J/11102

Born: June 5th 1908
Died: November 9th 1942

George was born in Kensington London, the only son of Brigadier General George Strachan Cartwright, C.B., C.M.G., Officier de la Legion D’Honneur, and of Kate Mary Cartwright (nee Stevenson). His father born in Canada, spent many years serving with the British Army and returned to Canada after his retirement.

He was educated at Trinity College School, Toronto, Trinity College, Toronto and was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford from 1929 until 1932.

He graduated with a 2nd in PPE in 1931 and a B.Litt. [Economics] in 1934.

Records show that he arrived in Southampton from Quebec on July 14th 1926. On March 14th 1934 he arrived in New York from Plymouth. On the 24th August 1935 he crossed from Canada in to the United States at Buffalo, N.Y. & stated that his nationality was English. In the autumn of 1938, he had been in England with his father and they arrived in New York on the Queen Mary on November 3rd.

The following is with acknowledgement to “Trinity College School, Toronto Old Boys at War 1939-45”

During the six years 1920-1926 which George spent at Trinity he created an enviable record, applying himself whole-heartedly to all the activities of school life. He played on the first Football team in 1924 and 1925, being captain of the team in the latter year. He also played on the cricket eleven for two years, proving to be a steady bat and an excellent fielder.

He was a School Prefect in 1924-1925 and Head Prefect during his last year. An outstanding student, in his final year he won the Jubilee Exhibition for Mathematics, the Governor General’s Medal for Mathematics, was Head Boy and Chancellor’s Prize Man, and by vote of the masters, was awarded the Bronze Medal for « steady perseverance in courtesy, industry, and integrity ».

He entered Trinity College, Toronto, and there continued his brilliant record. In 1928, he was a member of the Championship O.R.F.U. Varsity football team, rowed in the Varsity eight, and took a leading part in many student organizations. He was a member of the Kappa Alpha Fraternity.

In 1929, he was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship for Ontario and entered Christ Church, Oxford, in the autumn of that year. At Oxford he won a half blue for lacrosse and again distinguished himself in his studies, taking his Bachelor’s degree and a postgraduate degree of Bachelor of Literature during his three years there.

After his return to Canada, he was Secretary to the Right Hon. Vincent Massey and then became editor of the Canadian Forum. Later he was appointed Managing Editor of Current History, New York. He contributed articles to many publications, and often conducted broadcasts over the radio.

He enlisted in the R.C.A.F. in June 1941 as AC 2, after refusing a post as a commissioned officer at Headquarters in Ottawa. He won his wings in February 1942, heading his Observers’ Class, and was promoted to Sergeant Observer. At the end of March, he was commissioned Pilot Officer. He went overseas in May; in England, he again headed his class in an advanced navigation course. He was promoted to Flying Officer in October and was in command of his crew.

On November 8, when his pilot was unable to fly, he volunteered as navigator with another crew. Over Hamburg, his Wellington ran into very heavy anti-aircraft fire and the plane was badly hit. The pilot gave orders to bail out and two of the crew jumped. With the lighter load, the rest of the crew decided to try to get home. They reached the East Anglian coast safely and the pilot tried to make an emergency landing. The crash killed both the pilot and Steven Cartwright; the rear gunner, who lived a short time, related the details.

Cartwright was the first Rhodes Scholar to be killed in the Second World War and was posthumously awarded the Operational Wings of the R.C.A.F. in 1946.

He served with 425 Squadron of the Royal Canadian Air Force.

He is buried in the cemetery at Dishforth, North Yorkshire. His grave is 35.

The cemetery contains 78 burials of the 1939-1945 War, of whom all were airmen and the majority belonged to the Royal Canadian Air Force. Many of the Canadian airmen buried here were stationed at Dishforth, the airfield having been used by No. 6 (R.C.A.F.) Bomber Group.

 

2407518_1

source CVWM

The crash killed both the pilot and Steven Cartwright; the rear gunner, who lived a short time, related the details.

2407547_1

source CVWM

Ma recherche m’a amené ailleurs. Je vous transporte dans  la  nuit  du 13 au 14 octobre.

Voici la source de ce qui suit…

http://www.yorkshire-aircraft.co.uk/aircraft/yorkshire/york42/bj783.html

Wellington BJ783 near Beeford, Driffield.

On the night of 13th / 14th October 1942 the crew of this 425 Squadron aircraft had left Driffield to undertake an operational flight to bomb Kiel but lost power in one engine on the return leg of the flight. Attempting a forced landing at 00.55hrs the aircraft crashed near Rectory Farm, Beeford. The pilot sustained minor head injuries in the landings, two of his crew were also injured in baling out of the aircraft before their captain landed the aircraft. The aircraft was in the air for 6.25hrs.

Pilot – P/O Richard Seymour Clinton RCAF (J/16202) of Whitney Point, New York, USA. Injured.

Second Pilot? – Sgt Joseph Albert Delorme RCAF (R/101687), of St.Adolphe, Manitoba, Canada. Slightly injured.

Observer – Sgt Alfred George Rowe RCAF, of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Wireless Operator / Air Gunner – Sgt Joe Richard Latremouille RCAF (R/91339), of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Injured.

Navigator – Sgt Thomas Donavan Copeland RCAF (R/78486), of Dundalk, Ontario, Canada.

Rear Gunner – Sgt S Cuthbert.


On 9th / 10th November 1942 Sgt Delorme was flying in 425 Squadron Wellington BJ764 on Ops to Hamburg, while over mainland Europe a problem developed with the aircraft and he and one other member of his then crew baled out of the aircraft. His pilot was able to regain control of the aircraft and the remaining four airmen in the aircraft stayed with it but before they could land control was lost and the aircraft crashed near Beetley, Norfolk and all four airmen were killed. Some would say Sgt Delorme was the lucky one, after baling out he was taken prisoner and saw out the War as a PoW.


Richard Clinton was born on 11th May 1913 in Whitney Point, New York, USA and enlisted into the RCAF on 19th May 1941 in Ottawa before the USA entered the War. He received his commission on 23rd January 1942. He flew his first operational flight as a second « dickie » pilot on 29th September 1942 and the first as captain on 5th October 1942, the crash at Beeford occured on his fourth operational flight. For service with 425 Squadron he was awarded the DFC, Gazetted on 13th July 1943 and presented by King George VI on 19th October 1943. He transferred to the American forces on 20th October 1943 and would survive the War. The draft citation for his DFC was made in May 1943 when he had flown twenty seven operational flights and stated.. « This officer has been engaged in many successful sorties over enemy territory against a large variety of targets including Kiel, Hamburg, Essen and Cologne. He has completed these missions with consistent skill and courage, setting an inspiring example of skilful pilotage, cool judgement and determination which has been an inspiration to his crew. » His Commanding Officer at Dishforth also wrote.. « Pilot Officer Clinton has proven himself to be an excellent bomber pilot. He has carried out operational sorties with such determination and vigour and has handled his crew with such forceful tact that he has inspired in them great confidence, and has set a splendid example to other captains. I recommend that he be awarded a Distinguished Flying Cross. »

Richard Clinton survived the War and continued to fly as a pilot with the American Export Airlines (AEA). Between August 1945 and November 1947 he flew a range of aircraft across the Atlantic and from Newfoundland to New York as part of the US Air Transport Command (ATC). He was almost certainly killed as a result of a flying accident in 1948, his death was registered in New York in 1948 but the reasons surrounding his premature death are not yet known, he was thirty five years old. Details found on a web-forum list that he flew the following post-war..

2nd August 1945 he flew from Stephenville, Newfoundland in aircraft « 2206 » consigned to AEA-ATC owned by the U.S. Government.

14th August 1945 flew from Stephenville, Newfoundland to New York.

23rd August 1945, flew from Stephenville to New York flying for Transport Command,plane 2271.

9th September 1945 flew from Goose Bay, Newfoundland to Lagaurdia, New York,plane 2177.

20th September 1945 flew from Bermuda to New York.

6th October 1945 he flew plane 2289 from Goose Bay to New York with a named USA crew for a Capt George Burgard who was capt.

28th October 1945 he flew from Gander, Newfoundland to New York in plane 2461 (ATC) for a capt Berkeley Brandt & all USA crew.

17th November 1945 flew from Gander to New York.

23rd December 1945 Flew from New Brunswick to New York.

2nd June 1947 flew from Shannon, Ireland to New York (Capt. Maguire).

28th July 1947 flew from Shannon, Ireland to New York Capt McGeoghan.

5th September 1947 flew from Shannon to New York captained by Frederick Anderson.

27th September 1947 flew from Shannon to New York, Capt James Blackman.


Alfred Rowe

Joe Latremouille

Photographs of Joe Latremouille and Alfred Rowe via Mr Alan Soderstrom


Thomas Copeland, George Rowe and Joe Latremouille would later receive their commissions and completed tours. They were posted to 432 Squadron but by 1945 they were flying with 434 Squadron together in F/Lt Fern’s crew on a second Tour. All were killed on 11th March 1945 flying Ops to Essen in Lancaster KB834 after being hit by flak over the target. Latremouille was twenty two years old, Copeland was twenty five and F/Lt Rowe DFC was twenty four. All are buried in Reichwald Forest War Cemetery.

Joe Latremouille was born on 5th January 1923 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada and was the son of John Anthony and Maude (nee Coates) Latremouille. He was working as a clerk when he enlisted for RCAF service on 28th January 1941 in Toronto and trained as an air gunner on 8th November 1941.

On arrival in the UK he trained at 3 (O)AFU and 22 OTU before posting to 425 Squadron on 9th June 1942. He was later posted to 432 Squadron on 1st May 1943 but was then posted to 23 OTU in July 1943 probably on completion of his first Tour.

Searching the Canadian online newspaper records reveals that Joe Latremouille was seriously injured in July 1943 while at 23 OTU though, when creating this webpage, the circumstances of how this came about are not yet known. He served at 23 OTU until April 1944, probably instructing and was then posted to 22 OTU until being posted back to Canada in July 1944. He returned to the UK in September 1944 and after a brief spell at 1664 HCU was posted to 434 Squadron on 31st December 1944.

Alfred Rowe was born in Toronto on 24th March 1920 to Alfred Snr and Agnes Rowe, he almost certainly enlisted in Toronto. After serving with 425 Squadron he was posted with many of the others listed above to 432 Squadron where they appear to have completed their Tour.

P/O Rowe was awarded the DFC for service with 432 Squadron, Gazetted on 17th August 1943, the citation reads…

« This officer has displayed high courage, ability and efficiency during many operational sorties over enemy territory. His outstanding skill as a navigator has been an inspiration to his crew and, in a large measure, responsible for their success on operations. Pilot Officer Rowe, who has displayed gallantry and devotion to duty in the face of the heaviest opposition, has set up an excellent operational record. »

He had probably married in Canada before posting overseas as there is no record of a marriage in England in the early 1940s under his name.

Thomas Copeland was born 2nd December 1919 in Dundalk, Ontario, Canada and was the son of James Coulter and Elizabeth (nee Carson) Copeland. Thomas was still at school when he enlisted for RCAF service on 24th October 1940 in Toronto. he trained as an air observer in Canada and received his flying badge on 31st January 1942.

On arrival in the UK he trained at 3 (O)AFU and 22 OTU before posting to 425 Squadron on 19th August 1942. He was then posted to 432 Squadron on 24th June 1943 but then served at 24 OTU (from 7th September 1943) and 1659 HCU (in April 1944) before being posted back to Canada on 25th July 1944. He was then posted back to the UK in September 1944 and after a brief attachment to 1664 HCU he was posted to 434 Squadron on 31st December 1944. While stationed in the UK he married in Middlesex in December 1944 to Miss Vivienne Copeland who lived in Whitton, Twickenham, Middlesex and she would later give birth to a baby girl. Thomas Copeland’s brother James flew in the RCAF and was reported missing on 7th December 1944 flying with 429 Squadron, he was lost when Halifax MZ463 failed to return from Ops to Osnabruck.

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Une réflexion sur “Dans la nuit du 9 au 10 novembre 1942

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