Lack of Moral Fibre

C’est un extrait du témoignage de Jack McIntosh.

The challenges facing the young aircrew often seemed overwhelming, and they were highly vulnerable to physical and mental symptoms of stress. Two common denominators of stress was identified as showing up in the first five operations flown, combined with the matter-of-fact acceptance of sudden death. Jack faced this expression of his feelings toward a violent sudden death after his third operation, when two of his crew were killed in action, one wounded, and his aircraft was shot up, set on fire and he had to make a crash landing at base. The death of his two crew members was particularly hard on Jack as he knew it was inevitable, he would never live to complete his 30 operations or see Canada again.  Jack was well aware of the consequences of being convicted of the Lack of Moral Fibre designation, issued in 1941, and employed against aircrew who could not fly for reasons considered unjustified. These airmen were grounded, stripped of all rank badges in front of all squadron members in a parade square ceremony. The Canadian was then dishonorably discharged and returned to Canada disgraced to all.

Le texte est de la plume de Clarence Simonsen.

Clarence c’est lui.

Cyprus 65

Son parcours dans la vie est assez exceptionnel, mais là n’est pas le propos de ce billet.

La lecture de cet extrait nous montre qu’il valait mieux aller mourir que de passer pour un lâche.

Clarence est un autre de mes collaborateurs sur mes autres blogues. C’est le hasard qui l’a mis sur ma route. Il cherchait depuis 1985 une preuve que ceci était sur des avions de l’escadrille 128 (F) de la RCAF.

scan0029_crop

 Il l’a trouvé sur mon blogue qui rend hommage à cette escadrille.

fred-meatball-meadwell

Je ne vous parlerai  pas de cette escadrille, car ce n’est pas le propos de ce billet.

Lack of Moral Fibre…

Cela en dit long à propos du courage de Jean-Paul Michaud et de tous les autres aviateurs de qui j’ai parlé sur ce blogue depuis 2010.

Ce diaporama nécessite JavaScript.

24 novembre 1944

Mon ami Richard m’avait envoyé  ceci…

La Presse 1944-11-28

Il y a 70 ans, Jean-Paul Michaud revenait au Canada en compagnie de 549 autres aviateurs… pilote, bomb aimer, sans-filiste, mitrailleur, navigateur.

Une chance sur trois de revenir selon les statistiques.

Trois chances sur trois de revivre dans ses cauchemars toutes ses missions.

Jean-Paul Michaud n’a pas reçu de DFC comme les trois autres aviateurs sur la photo: Pierre Turenne de Saint-Pierre au Manitoba, Jean Rivard de La Tuque au Québec et Normand Brousseau du Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Québec.

Je ne connais pas les deux premiers, mais je connais le troisième.

1943-02-28 Dishforth - crash

Je me demande si Normand Brousseau DFC a raconté ses souvenirs de guerre ?

Collaborateurs!

Pas le genre d’épithète à lancer en France dans les années 40.

Cliquez ici si ça ne vous dit rien.

Ici sur mon blogue tous les collaborateurs et les toutes collaboratrices sont les bienvenus. Richard tenait à rendre hommage à sa façon à Jean-Paul Michaud avec l’envoi de ceci.

La Presse 1944-11-28

J’ai des collaborateurs qui préfèrent rester dans l’ombre.

D’autres ne le savent pas encore et découvriront ce blogue au détour d’une recheche sur Google. Ginette m’a permis de parler de son père qui n’a jamais parlé de ses souvenirs de guerre.

Comment pouvait-il en parler?

Ce pilote, lui, en a parlé… mais en anglais.

Je ne traduirai pas. Ginette m’a dit qu’elle lisait l’anglais

Cliquez ici.

Flight Sergeant J. J-B. Albert Dugal, membre de l’Escadron 425 Les Alouettes

Pierre Lagacé:

Avant de poursuivre l’hommage à Jean-Paul Michaud

Originally posted on Souvenirs de guerre:

Je voudrais vous parler de mon oncle le Flight Sergeant J. J-B. Albert Dugal, membre de l’Escadron 425 Les Alouettes lors de la dernière guerre mondiale. Il est mort le 3 mars 1943 au cours d’une mission de bombardement sur Hambourg, il était le « bomb aimer » lors de cette sortie.

KB-E_0003

Je n’ai jamais connu oncle Albert, je suis né 11 mois après son décès. Toutefois son souvenir m’a toujours été présent car entretenu par ma grand-mère et ma mère sa sœur. Pour moi il était ce brave héros qui avait sacrifié sa vie pour la patrie et la liberté. Mais qui était-il vraiment?

KB-E_0009

J’ai donc décidé de m’investir sérieusement dans cette aventure fascinante et partir à la découverte de mon héros d’enfance. Ici je veux saluer et remercier M. Pierre Lagacé et son réseau de contacts, pour l’aide précieuse qu’ils m’ont apportée. Sans Pierre, je me serais facilement découragé.

Je…

Voir l'original 873 mots de plus

Gardening?

Ça m’a pris longtemps avant de comprendre ce terme, puis j’ai trouvé ce site. On expliquait en quoi consistait ces missions de « jardinage »…

mine-trolley

28-to-38

Les îles de la Frise sont numérotées 33a, 33b et 33c

mine-diagram

Le Wellington III de Jean-Paul Michaud pouvait en transporter deux.

Un Wellington III ça ressemble à ça.

Wellington KW-E

Belle machine de guerre…

Plutôt un cercueil volant selon ses équipages.

Sur le site de la RAF…

Wellington

The Wellington was popular with its five man crews particularly because of it’s ability to absorb considerable damage and continue flying, thanks to an unusual ‘honey-comb’ metal construction which was immensely strong but light-weight. A largely successful twin-engine bomber it flew early daylight raids at the beginning of the war but proved easy prey for German fighters. The RAF learnt the hard way that no bomber could defend itself in daylight against modern fighters and the Wellington was transferred to night bombing.

Je me demande qui je devrais croire…

Le site des vétérans sans doute…

Cliquez svp.

Sur la version anglaise on ajoute ceci…

Son of Alban and Edna Laflamme, of Ottawa, Ontario.

Camille Laflamme, who joined the RCAF in May 1941, was one of the crew of five – pilot, flight engineer, navigator/ bomb aimer, and front and rear gunners – in a two-motor Wellington bomber; he held the position of navigator/bomber. Returning from their fourth bombing mission over Germany, while completing their crossing of the English Channel, they were spotted and shot down by a German fighter plane; their plane lacked the evasion capacity and the power to defend itself against the enemy fighters. Camille’s plane made it to England and crashed near South End on Sea, killing all five. The Wellington bombers – nicknamed “flying coffins” – were replaced one or two months later by the four-engine Avro Lancaster bombers with a crew of seven: pilot, flight engineer, navigator, wireless operator, bomb aimer, and mid and upper gunners.

Camille’s father, after Camille’s death, went to see Air Marshall Bradley, to pull out his other son Jacques Laflamme – Service number R82941 (he had joined the RCAF on February 17 1941) – and transfered him in a passionate posting for twelve months, given that he had the right to do so when a member of the family is killed in action. Camille’s death may have saved Jacques and permitted Jacques to continue his legacy of children and grand-children.

La mission de Jean-Paul Michaud dans la nuit du 9 et 10 janvier 1943 – Une partie de plaisir quoi…

Tiré du site de Richard Koval

25 Wellingtons from 420, 425, and 427 Squadrons were joined by 13 Halifaxes from 408 and 419 Squadrons on a mining operation to the Frisian islands. The crews were over the garden from between 500 and 1,200 feet, sowing 62@1500 lb mines.

 

25 Wellingtons des escadrilles 420, 425, et 427 se joignirent à 13 Halifax des escadrilles 408 et 419 pour une mission de largage de mines au-dessus des îles de la Frise. Les équipages volèrent à une altitude variant de 500 à 1200 pieds, larguant 62 mines de 1500 livres.

Une partie de plaisir quoi…

Pas certain quand on continue à lire, à traduire et lire entre les lignes…

Eight crews from 408 Squadron departed base at between 16:34 and 16:40, they were over the garden at between 18:35 and 19:08, returning to base at between 20:48 and 21:31.

MISSION D’UNE DURÉE DE QUATRE HEURES À BASSE ALTITUDE AU-DESSUS DE LA MER DU NORD…

SOURCE DE L’IMAGE

Five crews from 419 Squadron departed base at between 16:30 and 16:35, they were over the garden at between 21:13 and 21:50.
F/O C. Porter and crew flying Halifax II DT-616, coded VR-K, had his rear gunner fire at 2 flak ships, no damage was seen.
P/O M. Frederick and crew flying Halifax II  DT-639, coded VR-B, landed at Croft on return.

W/O2 F. Barker RCAF and crew, flying Halifax II  W-7857 coded VR-O, failed to return from this operation.Sgt R. Sackville-Golden, RAF 
F/Sgt H. Dunn, RCAF 
F/Sgt V. Hugli, RCAF 
W/O2 D. Watson, RCAF 
Sgt W. Cameron, RCAF 
F/Sgt W. Murphy, RCAF All were killed.

CINQ HALIFAX DE L’ESCADRILLE 419 PARTICIPENT À LA MISSION. UN NE REVIENDRA PAS.

 

Nine crews from 420 Squadron departed base at between 16:37 and 16:43, they were over the garden at between 18:49 and 19:17, returning to base at between 20:33 and 22:06.
F/Sgt P. Townsend and crew, flying Wellington III X-3926 coded PT-A, returned early at 17:08, as the stbd engine quit 3 minutes after take off. They jettisoned 300 gallons of fuel and returned safely to base.

F/Sgt H. Kennedy and crew, flying Wellington III  X-3800 coded PT-Z, returned without mining as they could not find the pinpoint.

NEUF WELLINGTON III PARTICIPENT À LA MISSION. UN BOMBARDIER REBROUSSE CHEMIN… LE MOTEUR DROIT ARRÊTE DE FONCTIONNER TROIS MINUTES APRÈS LE DÉCOLLAGE. S’IL AVAIT LÂCHÉ LORS DU DÉCOLLAGE, TOUT L’ÉQUIPAGE AURAIT ÉTÉ TUÉ.

SOURCE DE L’IMAGE

Nine crews from 425 Squadron departed base at between 16:43 and 16:51, returning at between 20:36 and 21:45.
Sgt J.  Brousseau and crew, flying Wellington III  X-3872 coded KW-A, returned early at 17:32 as the stbd engine was u/s. They landed safely at base on one engine.

LE SERGENT BROUSSEAU REVIENT À LA BASE SUR UN MOTEUR…

 

crew Brousseau

Sgt R. Lacerte and crew flying Wellington III  X-3803 coded KW-H, landed at Topcliffe on return due to poor weather at base.

F/Sgt A. Jackson and crew, flying Wellington III  X-3648 coded KW-R, landed at Topcliffe on return due to poor weather at base.

crew Jackson


P/O R. Clinton and crew flying Wellington III BJ-652 coded KW-E landed at Topcliffe on return due to poor weather at base.
F/Lt R. Brinton and crew, flying Wellington III  BK-539 coded KW-S, landed at Topcliffe on return as weather was bad at Dishforth.

LES BOMBARDIERS DU 425 DOIVENT ATTERRIR À TOPCLIFFE. LA BASE DE DISHFORTH EST BOUCHÉE PAR LE BROUILLARD.


Sgt J. Michaud and crew, flying Wellington III BJ-605 coded KW-J, crashed on landing, writing off their aircraft. The crew was not injured.

crew Michaud

LE BOMBARDIER WELLINGTON III DE JEAN-PAUL MICHAUD S’ÉCRASE. TOUT L’ÉQUIPAGE S’EN TIRE, SAUF L’AVION QUI EST UNE PERTE TOTALE.

 Vickers-Wellington-RAF-crashed-01

PHOTO TYPIQUE D’UN ÉCRASEMENT

Une partie de plaisir quoi…

 

 

Tiré du site de Richard Koval – La mission dans la nuit du 9 et 10 janvier 1943

January 09/10, 1943

25 Wellingtons from 420, 425, and 427 Squadrons were joined by 13 Halifaxes from 408 and 419 Squadrons on a mining operation to the Frisian islands. The crews were over the garden from between 500 and 1,200 feet, sowing 62@1500 lb mines.

Eight crews from 408 Squadron departed base at between 16:34 and 16:40, they were over the garden at between 18:35 and 19:08, returning to base at between 20:48 and 21:31.

Five crews from 419 Squadron departed base at between 16:30 and 16:35, they were over the garden at between 21:13 and 21:50.
F/O C. Porter and crew flying Halifax II DT-616, coded VR-K, had his rear gunner fire at 2 flak ships, no damage was seen.
P/O M. Frederick and crew flying Halifax II  DT-639, coded VR-B, landed at Croft on return.

W/O2 F. Barker RCAF and crew, flying Halifax II  W-7857 coded VR-O, failed to return from this operation.Sgt R. Sackville-Golden, RAF 
F/Sgt H. Dunn, RCAF 
F/Sgt V. Hugli, RCAF 
W/O2 D. Watson, RCAF 
Sgt W. Cameron, RCAF 
F/Sgt W. Murphy, RCAF All were killed.

Nine crews from 420 Squadron departed base at between 16:37 and 16:43, they were over the garden at between 18:49 and 19:17, returning to base at between 20:33 and 22:06.
F/Sgt P. Townsend and crew, flying Wellington III X-3926 coded PT-A, returned early at 17:08, as the stbd engine quit 3 minutes after take off. They jettisoned 300 gallons of fuel and returned safely to base.

F/Sgt H. Kennedy and crew, flying Wellington III  X-3800 coded PT-Z, returned without mining as they could not find the pinpoint.

Nine crews from 425 Squadron departed base at between 16:43 and 16:51, returning at between 20:36 and 21:45.
Sgt J.  Brousseau and crew, flying Wellington III  X-3872 coded KW-A, returned early at 17:32 as the stbd engine was u/s. They landed safely at base on one engine.

crew Brousseau

Sgt R. Lacerte and crew flying Wellington III  X-3803 coded KW-H, landed at Topcliffe on return due to poor weather at base.


F/Sgt A. Jackson and crew, flying Wellington III  X-3648 coded KW-R, landed at Topcliffe on return due to poor weather at base.

crew Jackson


P/O R. Clinton and crew flying Wellington III BJ-652 coded KW-E landed at Topcliffe on return due to poor weather at base.
F/Lt R. Brinton and crew, flying Wellington III  BK-539 coded KW-S, landed at Topcliffe on return as weather was bad at Dishforth.
Sgt J. Michaud and crew, flying Wellington III BJ-605 coded KW-J, crashed on landing, writing off their aircraft. The crew was not injured.

crew Michaud

Seven crews from 427 Squadron departed at base at between 16:47 and 17:00, returning at between 20:55 and 21:55.
Sgt G. Gagnon and crew flying Wellington III Z-1626 coded ZL-G, returned at 21:55 without mining as they could not find the pinpoint due to poor weather.
F/Lt D. Shedd and crew, flying Wellington III  Z-1676 coded ZL-S, returned at 21:44 without mining as they could not find the pinpoint due to poor weather.
Sgt E. Williams and crew, flying Wellington III  BK-343 coded ZL-V, returned at 21:32 without mining as they could not find the pinpoint due to bad weather.

 

Sgt J. Michaud and crew, flying Wellington III BJ-605 coded KW-J, crashed on landing, writing off their aircraft. The crew was not injured.

crew Michaud